There has been a tremendous change in the Pattern of NEET DM Subjects since last few
Students need to be updated with the latest especially once there is a lot of competition. Dm Oncology is attracting a lot of surge and many students want to take Oncology as their Career.
DM endocrinology is liked as a branch by many DM Aspirants.
The Branch has a good future ahead and more than that it is a subject favorite to many of NEET DM Aspirants.
The number of seats for Oncology in better Colleges and Hospitals is also going up.
The NEET SS Oncology exams are conducted by NBE as online examinations. Lots of modifications have come into DM Exams. Now questions are asked on clinical concepts.
The Focus now is on basic pathophysiological concepts, genetic concepts, basic pathology, cellular and genetic alterations, clinical case based scenarios
What a DM Oncology Student should know
- A DM Aspirant for oncology should know the causes of Oncogenesis
- He/ she should be able to explain the mechanisms of oncogenesis due to genes, toxins, carcinogens, chemicals, and free radicals.
- Dm Aspirant should be able to Define light microscopic changes seen in carcinogenesis
- Dm Aspirant should be able to List the different types of Cancers, their classification , staging , protocols
- Dm Aspirant should be able to Identify the types of pathologic progression its correlation with methods of detection like USG, CT , MRI , PET , Radionuclide scanning
- Dm Aspirant should be able to Explain the events in progression of cancers
- Dm Aspirant should be able to List the mediators of Carcinogenesis and associated processes like Angiogenesis, Dysplasia, and Metaplasia.
- Dm Aspirant should be able to List the sources and actions of the various groups of these chemical mediators, and explain what stimuli cause their release and / or synthesis.
- Dm Aspirant should be able to explain the possible outcomes of cancers as far as statistics are concerned.
- Dm Aspirant should be able to explain the cell cycle, and classify the cells based on their replicative ability i.e. labile, stable and permanent cells.
- Dm Aspirant should be able to Identify genes, oncogenes, anti-oncogenes , hypertrophy and hyperplasia and identify the physiologic and the pathologic stimuli causing oncogenesis
- Dm Aspirant should be able to explain the role of hyperplasia as a fertile soil for cancerous transformation.
- Dm Aspirant should be able to define metaplasia, and mention the types, causes and its possible evolution into dysplasia.
- Dm Aspirant should be able to define dysplasia, and state the sites, causes and conversion to carcinoma-in-situ.
- Dm Aspirant should be able to Define carcinoma-in-situ and invasive carcinoma and explain the spectrum of intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive carcinoma.
Further Knowledge for Oncology Aspirants
- Dm Aspirant should be able to explain the importance of techniques used for the early detection of carcinoma of the breast, cervix, prostate, etc.
- Mention the clinical features as well as the gross and histological differentiating features of benign and malignant tumors.
- The Student should be able to State the nomenclature used in neoplasia, and give the classification according to histogenesis and behavior.
- The Student should be able to describe the ways by which malignant tumors spread through the body.
- The Student should be able to Explain carcinogenesis mentioning the different types of carcinogens: viral, chemical, radiational, environmental as well as
- The Student should be able to Explain the role of oncogenes especially p53 and Rb genes as cancer-suppressor genes.
- The Student should be able to briefly describe the hereditary and childhood cancers as well as acquired and hereditary preneoplastic conditions.
- The Student should be able to List the effects of benign and malignant tumors on the host including paraneoplastic syndromes
- The Student should be able to explain the different types of laboratory diagnosis of tumors with emphasis on early diagnosis of cancers with techniques like exfoliative cytology: pap smears, cytology of sputum, urine, and other body fluids.
- The Student should be able to mention the role of techniques like fine needle aspiration cytology and frozen sections in the diagnosis of cancer.
- The Student should be able to clarify the need for chemical markers in the diagnosis of cancers eg the role of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the early diagnosis of carcinoma of prostate.
- The Student should be able to explain the grading and staging of cancers.
- The Student should be able to State the warning signs of cancer in each organ system, like dysphagia and weight loss in cancer of the esophagus, hoarseness of voice in laryngeal carcinoma, etc.
- The Student should be able to describe the basic concepts of structural and numerical disorders of chromosomes.
- The Student should be able to describe the commonly used methods of prenatal diagnosis and demonstrate ability to provide genetic counseling to patients and family members.
Examples of Recently asked Topics
- Cronkite-Canada syndrome
- Familial polyposis
- Hepatocellular carcinoma
- Carcinoma colon
- Pancreatic carcinoma
- Germ cell Tumor of testes
- Latest drugs in Breast Cancers
- Metastatic breast cancer
- Neuroendocrine Tumors
- Papillary carcinoma of thyroid.
- Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
- Polyendocrine Syndromes
- Round cell tumours
- Sipples Syndrome
In oncology Drugs likely to be asked
Question Types Asked
T CELL related Neoplasms are all Except:
- Mycosis fungoides
- Sézary syndrome
- Stauffers Syndrome
- Adult T-cell lymphoma
Dastinib is used in:
- Imatinib Resistant AML
- Imatinib Resistant CML
- Imatinib Resistant ALLL
- Imatinib Resistant CLL
Nilotinib is used in:
- Dastinib Resistant AML
- Dastinib Resistant ALL
- Dastinib Resistant CLL
- Dastinib Resistant CML
Gingival hyperplasia is seen with:
- Mycophenolate mofetil
Our Aim is to give the students Best for their DM preparation and guide them towards the Best possible resources. Though the role of Standard Text books in oncology cannot be undermined but DM Onco students are at a disadvantage because of their time which is not sufficient for them to carry on their Preparation. Thus online courses are a need. www.medexamsprep.com