Many MD Aspirants like Paediatrics as Superspeciality branch. There are further subspecialties in pediatrics but as a whole it is the choice of many doctors to have Dm in general pediatrics.DM Pediatrics is gaining Scope. It is a super specialization in Pediatrics done after having an MD Degree. From past few years there has been a change from written examination to CBT exam. The Dm Pediatrics is now conducted as an online MCQ Based exam.

NEET SS is getting competitive and so is DM Pediatrics. More students are opting for DM Pediatrics and related branches like pediatric gastroenterology, pediatric oncology, pediatric neurology, pediatric nephrology, and pediatric cardiology.

Dm pediatrics would cover all and Dm pediatric aspirant would need to study all aspects. One should follow a strategy not to be late and start preparing for Dm exams early.


Details of Dm Pediatric Examination


  • Exam: NEET DM Pediatrics
  • Conducted by : NBE
  • Eligibility: MD Medicine
  • Level: Pg Superspeciality
  • Duration: 3 years
  • Probable Upcoming Dates: September/October or Beyond
  • Question Type : MCQs
  • Exam : Single Day Online Examination 


In view of the new changes and change in pattern of examination it is of utmost importance that DM Pediatric aspirants are well versed with the Examination type and all latest information of examinations.

Lots of questions are asked on Pediatric embryological disorders were seen having been repeated quite frequently. A Dm Pediatric aspirant needs to have a strong in depth knowledge of subjects like:

  • Alports Syndrome
  • Catch 22 Syndrome
  • Noonan’s Syndrome
  • Marfan’s Syndrome
  • Downs Syndrome
  • Golden Hars Syndrome
  • Lowes Syndrome
  • Pendred Syndrome
  • Perrie Robinson Syndrome
  • Treacher Collins Syndrome
  • Turners Syndrome
  • Warden burgs Syndrome

Not only the Syndromic entities are important but isolated and singular defects also dominate pediatrics,. Clinical questions based on presentation of below mentioned conditions are of main importance.

  • Thyroglossal Cyst
  • Branchial Cyst
  • Sublingual cyst
  • Ectopic thyroid
  • Annular pancreas
  • Duodenal atresia
  • Esophageal hernia
  • Morgagni Hernia
  • Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Pediatric population is prone to viral insults and virology and pediatrics have a strong relationship which is reflected in examinations. A thorough concept of pediatric virology is important to qualify Dm pediatrics. Viruses of particular importance asked are:

  • Rubella
  • Rabies
  • Pox
  • Mumps
  • Measles
  • Herpes
  • EBV
  • CMV

Neonatology and Pediatric emergencies may form a small fraction of questions but they should be kept in mind. They are very important from examination view point. Early recognition and management are frequently asked about entities like below:

  • Appendicitis
  • Mesenteric adenitis
  • Volvulus
  • Duodenal atresia
  • Annular pancreas
  • Intussusception


Lots of questions are asked on Pediatric neurological diseases . Out of our research for past few years mainly asked Pediatric neurological diseases  were questions from high yield topics below:


  • Cerebral anoxia
  • Congenital infection
  • Congenital muscular dystrophy
  • Friedriech’s ataxia
  • Infantile spinal muscular atrophy
  • Spinocerebellar ataxias

Lots of questions are asked on Pediatric Malignancies. Out of our research for past few years mainly asked Pediatric malignant conditions were questions from high yield topics below:

  • Medulloblastoma
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Oligodendroglioma
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Pinealoma
  • ALL
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Wilms tumour

Commonly asked diseases high on Examiners mind and repeated in last years are from topics below. A full Biochemical Knowledge, Symptomatology, Presentation, treatment and outcome of disease entities like mentioned below have been asked.

  • Classic phenylketonuria
  • Benign hyperphenylalaninemia
  • Transient hyperphenylalaninemia
  • Tyrosinemia
  • Alkaptonuria
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Foreign body aspiration
  • Nasal septal deviation
  • Allergic rhinitis

Congenital disorders and their presentations are an important entity for Dm pediatrics. On the Whole Atypical features see in these diseases are asked along with some rarities. Most importantly asked were:

  • Congenital Syphilis
  • Congenital Rubella
  • Congenital Toxoplasmosis
  • Congenital Herpes simplex infection
  • Congenital cataract
  • Congenital glaucoma
  • Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous

From Pediatric Hematology view point, Clinical based questions in the form of Case scenarios were asked about different hematological conditions effecting children are asked. They simply cannot be underestimated. Hot and high yield topics asked were

  • PNH
  • ALL
  • Iron deficiency
  • Thalassemia
  • Lead poisoning
  • Dietary folate deficiency
  • Transient erythroblastopenia
  • Burkitts Lymphoma
  • Idiopathic aplastic anemia
  • Fanconi’s anemia
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia
  • Rhesus incompatibility

From Pediatric cardiology view point, Clinical based questions in the form of Case scenarios were asked about Heart defects, heart diseases like below. Pediatric cardiology is an important part of DM Pediatrics and cannot be underestimated.

  • Truncus arteriosus
  • Heart Defects in Trisomies
  • Heart defects in Noonans Syndrome
  • Heart defects  Turners Syndrome
  • Ventricular septal defect
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Transposition of great vessels
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome

Topics of general interest are important. We find repetitions from the topics mentioned below. A full knowledge of these subjects and topics is needed to qualify pediatrics. They may be  from pediatric surgery , orthopedics or general disorders or injuries which are asked in between .

  • Erb-Duchenne palsy
  • Klumpke paralysis
  • Phrenic nerve paralysis
  • Facial nerve paralysis
  • Clavicular fracture
  • Sturge-Weber syndrome
  • Tuberous sclerosis
  • Capillary hemangioma
  • Epileptic disorder
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Neonatal varicella
  • Erythema toxicum
  • Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
  • Milia
  • Sebaceous hyperplasia

Example of Case Scenario Based Question Asked

A four year-old boy who has nystagmus and has lost half a kg of weight in past few months is brought in by his mother to your clinic. She noticed a mass in his abdomen. You palpate an abdominal mass in the left quadrant, which does not cross the midline. It is not pulsatile but firm. Tenderness is elicited on deep palpation. Urine shows a slight trace amount of blood. Most Likely the mass is:


  1. Pheochromocytoma
  2. Wilms tumor
  3. Neuroblastoma
  4. Retinoblastoma metastasis

Example of Case Scenario Based Question Asked

A 10 -year-old boy comes for medical attention for pain in his left knee. He also complains of chronic fatigue and easy bruising.. Physical examination is significant for tenderness over the lower end of the femur, mildly enlarged liver, and moderately enlarged spleen . X-rays of the night femur reveals atypical deformity of the distal femur, Blood investigations are significant for anemia and thrombocytopenia Which of the following is the most likely explanation for this patient’s condition?

    1. Deficiency of the enzyme acid beta-glucosidase
    2. Deficient activity of sphingomyelinase
    3. Deficient activity of beta-galactosidase
    4. Deficiency of G6PD activity

Hence we see that anything is expected and one needs to have a broader concept of pediatrics to qualify the Superspeciality Neet Dm examinations. Online Exams are a must in addition to Standard Text books which we encourage for getting better merit.

We encourage students to read Standard text, practice Online Exams and not waste much time on videos. We encourage youto take online tests . To take Tests click